Title 1 is a federal program that provides funds to elementary and secondary schools that have many children in poverty, and it’s designed to help students receive the remedial education needed in core subjects. The funds can be used to hire additional staff, offer tutoring, make improvements to the school’s curriculum or provide teachers with professional development activities, among other uses.

Title 1 funding benefits include the development of greater equality and opportunity for students with disadvantaged circumstances. Title 1 funding is intended to compensate developmental delays and academic malaise, problems strongly correlated with lower-income students.

The purpose of Title I is to ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach, at a minimum, proficiency on challenging State academic achievement standards and state academic assessments. This purpose can be accomplished by: 
  • (1) ensuring that high-quality academic assessments, accountability systems, teacher preparation and training, curriculum, and instructional materials are aligned with challenging State academic standards so that students, teachers, parents, and administrators can measure progress against common expectations for student academic achievement;
  • (2) meeting the educational needs of low-achieving children in our Nation’s highest-poverty schools, limited English proficient children, migratory children, children with disabilities, Indian children, neglected or delinquent children, and young children in need of reading assistance;
  • (3) closing the achievement gap between high- and low-performing children, especially the achievement gaps between minority and nonminority students, and between disadvantaged children and their more advantaged peers;
  • (4) holding schools, local educational agencies, and States accountable for improving the academic achievement of all students, and identifying and turning around low-performing schools that have failed to provide a high-quality education to their students, while providing alternatives to students in such schools to enable the students to receive a high-quality education;
  • (5) distributing and targeting resources sufficiently to make a difference to local educational agencies and schools where needs are greatest;
  • (6) improving and strengthening accountability, teaching, and learning by using State assessment systems designed to ensure that students are meeting challenging State academic achievement and content standards and increasing achievement overall, but especially for the disadvantaged;
  • (7) providing greater decision-making authority and flexibility to schools and teachers in exchange for greater responsibility for student performance;
  • (8) providing children an enriched and accelerated educational program, including the use of schoolwide programs or additional services that increase the amount and quality of instructional time;
  • (9) promoting schoolwide reform and ensuring the access of children to effective, scientifically based instructional strategies and challenging academic content;
  • (10) significantly elevating the quality of instruction by providing staff in participating schools with substantial opportunities for professional development;
  • (11) coordinating services under all parts of this title with each other, with other educational services, and, to the extent feasible, with other agencies providing services to youth, children, and families; and
  • (12) affording parents substantial and meaningful opportunities to participate in the education of their children.


A Title I school is one that qualifies for additional federal funds due to the percentage of economically disadvantaged students. The name comes from a section of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act passed in 1965 under President Lyndon B. Johnson.
The goal of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act is to narrow the achievement gap between low-income students and other students. Title I schools use the additional money to pay for improved curriculum, additional instructors and parental activities.

​What are some criteria for a school to be a Title I school?

For a school to be an eligible Title I school, 40 percent or more of its student body must be from households that qualify as low-income under the United States Census definition. The U.S. Department of Education establishes this requirement, and the requirement applies to both public and private school students.

The term “Title I” refers to a section in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, which was reauthorized in 2001 under the No Child Left Behind Act. Title I is intended to prioritize schools in significant need of funding, low-performing schools, and those institutions that are working towards improving their test scores and standards.

Title I provides two types of assistance to schools. School-wide programs provide unrestricted funding, which the institution may use to meet its goals as desired. These programs consist of grants based on the total number of poor children they serve and grants based on the concentration of poor students in the student body.

Targeted assistance programs take a different approach, since these funds are allocated toward assisting students at risk of failing. Generally, these grants allocate more funds for each child served as the poverty rate increases in the district where the school is located.


Title I, Part A • Provides Supplemental Federal funds to ensure all students have fair, equal, and significant opportunities to obtain a high-quality education and reach at minimum proficiency on challenging state   academic achievement standards and state academic assessments. • Focused on improving the academic achievement of low achieving students in schools with high concentrations of children from low-income  families and is governed by statuary and regulatory requirements of Title I, Part A of ESEA.
All students may participate in Title I-funded initiatives • Maximizes flexibility in using Federal funds • Serves as a vehicle for whole-school reform with focus on improving achievement of lowest-achieving students • Addresses student needs through a school-wide plan based on a comprehensive needs assessment
Benefits of a School-wide Program
¨ Serving all students
¨ Providing services that need not be supplemental
¨ Consolidating Federal, State, and local funds
Parents— contact school officials for further information on how your child can be assisted with his needs through Title I .  FEEL FREE TO REQUEST POLICIES REGARDING STUDENT PARTICIPATION IN THIS PROGRAM.

All Parents INVITED to participate in all school activities

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